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Beware! Symtoms,Mode of Transmition, Prevention and Treatment of Monkeypox

Posted: 10 October, 2017 at 07:48 am
Beware! Symtoms,Mode of Transmition, Prevention and Treatment of Monkeypox
Mokeypox

Monkeypox is a very rare disease alledgely discovered in 1958, occurs primarily in remote parts of Central and West Africa, near tropical rain forests. The monkeypox virus is a fatal illness in humans.

Below are some of the Facts about this deadly disease brought to you by 9jaspot.com:

History

1958: First identified in laboratory monkey kept for research

1970: First human case was identified in DR Congo

1985: First isolation in nature, in an ailing rope squirrel in DR Congo

2003: First human infection outside Africa documented in USA

Family

Double stranded DNA virus (Zoonotic) Family poxviridae, Genus orthopoxvirus Family of pox viruses includes other viruses like chicken pox or the eradicated small pox.

Incubation period

7-14 days commonly but could extend from 5 to 21 days.

Symptoms

Similar to small pox but milder: Fever, chills, drenching night sweats, headache Muscles aches (backache), Exhaustion- Lymph-nodes swell up (absent in small pox) After 1-10 days Centrifugal rash: Rash macule-papule- vesicles-pustules-umbilical-then crusted (scab)

Transmission

1. Contact with infected monkeys. Human outbreaks are more likely to be spread from infected animals than from a human to another human. Close contact with infected monkeys can spread the virus to humans.

2. Contact with infected rodents Rodents like rats and squirrels can transmit the monkeypox virus to human beings if they are infected. The virus is present in the blood, body fluids and secretions of infected rodents.

3. Bites and scratches from infected animals The virus is usually found in the blood and body fluids of infected animals including saliva. A bite or scratch can cause skin breakage and lead to the transfer of the virus from the infected animal to a human.

4. Eating inadequately cooked meat In some parts of Nigeria,it is a known delicacy that rodents are consumed as 'bush-meat'. Eating rodents during a monkeypox outbreak can increase the likelihood of contracting the disease, because a dead infected rodent can still contain the virus.

5. Contact with respiratory secretions of an infected person Monkeypox can be spread by respiratory droplets or secretions. An example is a sneeze. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, thousands of respiratory droplets are released into the air.

6. Contact with blood, body fluids, rash of an infected person Contact with body fluids of an infected person can spread the virus. Examples of body fluids are saliva, tears and urine.

7. Contact with clothing of an infected person Apart from direct physical contact, the clothing or materials used by infected person can lead to an indirect transmission. The virus can be found on materials like clothes and bedsheets. Close contact with these materials can increase the chances of being infected.

Beware! Symtoms,Mode of Transmition, Prevention and Treatment of Monkeypox

Fatality

1-10% die from this infection

Prevention

Small pox vaccine which can be given up to 14 days post exposure

Hygiene (Hand washing) with soap and water or alcohol based sanitizer

Avoid ill or dead animals' suspects or their materials Isolation of suspects or identified cases

Use personal protective equipment when caring for patients (for health workers)

Treatment and vaccine

There are no specific treatments or vaccines available for monkeypox infection, but outbreaks can be controlled.

Vaccination against smallpox has been proven to be 85% effective in preventing monkeypox in the past but the vaccine is no longer available to the general public after it was discontinued following global smallpox eradication.

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