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Outbreak of monkeypox hits Bayelsa, 10 persons quarantined

Posted: 05 October, 2017 at 09:07 am
Outbreak of monkeypox hits Bayelsa, 10 persons quarantined
Monkeypox. Credit:Wikipedia

Bayelsa state residents have been gripped by fear after the outbreak of a rare deadly viral disease known as monkeypox in the state.

The Punch reports that the state commissioner for health, Prof. Ebitimitula Etebu, confirmed the development.

According to World Health organisation, monkeypox occurs primarily in remote parts of Central and West Africa that “can cause a fatal illness in humans and although it is similar to human smallpox which has been eradicated, it is much milder.”

It was reported that a medical doctor and 10 others were down with the disease and were being quarantined in an isolation centre at the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Okolobiri, in Yenagoa local government area of the state.

The Nigerian Centre for Disease Control was reportedly tracking 49 people who have had contact with the quarantined persons.

The health commissioner said:

Recently in Bayelsa State, we noticed a suspected outbreak of monkeypox. It has not been confirmed. We have sent samples to the World Health Organisation's reference laboratory in Dakar, Senegal.

When that comes out, we will be sure that it is confirmed. But from all indications, it points towards it.

As the name implies, the virus was first seen in monkey, but can also be found in all bush animals such as rats, squirrels and antelopes.

The source is usually all animals. It was first seen in monkeys and that is why it is called monkeypox. But every bush animals such as rats, squirrels, and antelopes are involved.

So, the secretions from particularly dead animals are highly contagious.

He listed the symptoms of the disease as severe headache, fever, back pains, etc. and noted that it came with bigger rashes than the smallpox.

He said:

We have seen cases from as far as Biseni. We invited the NCDC together with our own epidemiological team from the Bayelsa Ministry of Health.

We have been able to trace most of the people who have come in contact with the patients.

So far, we have 10 patients and we have created an isolation centre at the NDUTH and most of them are on admission and we are following up the 49 cases that we are suspecting might come down with the illness.

As a state, we are taking care of all the expenses of all the isolated cases.

The disease has an incubation period and it is also self-limiting in the sense that within two to four weeks, you get healed and it confers you with immunity for life.

We have mobilised virtually every arsenal at our disposal in terms of sensitising the general public and making them aware by radio programmes, jingles and fliers. So, the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control has mobilised fully to Bayelsa State. We are on top of the situation.

The only thing I will tell the general public is to observe hand hygiene and ensure they don't come in contact with dead animals and their secretions. The disease is air- borne too. So when you come down with it, it is very infectious.

People should wash their hands whenever they go in or come out of their houses. If they come in touch with animals, they should ensure that they wash their hands.

They should be very vigilant. People should report any similar cases to the relevant authorities.

A lot of people have come down with the symptoms, but they are hiding in their houses. If they hide, there is the propensity for the infection to spread.

It is better to quarantine them and treat them so that we can interrupt the spread of the disease.

People should be calm and they shouldn't get frightened. The state has distributed personal protective equipment to workers and they are using them.

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